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Educator Evaluation System Standards
Introduction
“Improvingachievementrequiresrecruitmentoftalentedteachersandprincipalsandstrongerinstructionalpractices,whichinturnaredrivenbystrategictalentmanagement.Strategictalentmanagementinvolvesthepracticesofrecruiting,developing,rewardingandretainingtalentedanddemonstrablysuccessfulstaffinschooldistricts.”(StrategicManagementofHumanCapital,2008)TheRhodeIslandDepartmentofEducationhasreviewedrecommendationsfromtheConsortiumforPolicyResearchinEducation,whichwaslaunchedwithafocusonidentifyingstrategies,policies,andpracticesto“attract,deploy,develop,incentivize,andretaintopteaching,leadershipandmanagementtalent,”andfromtheRhodeIslandUrbanEducationTaskForce,whichhasrecommendedthedevelopmentandimplementationofastatewideeducatorperformancemanagementsystemtoimproveeducatorquality.Anticipatingthedevelopmentofaperformancemanagementsystemthataddressesthehumancapitalcycleofacquisitionthroughdevelopment,deployment,andadvancementtoaccountabilityandexit,RIDErecognizestheneedtoprovideleadershiptoitsdistrictstoassurethehighqualityeducatorevaluationthatisatthecoreoftheperformancemanagementsystem.Establishingparametersforevaluationsystemsthatareatthebasisforthedevelopment,deployment,andadvancementstageofthemodelbeginswiththedevelopmentofstandardsfordistrictbasededucatorevaluationsystems.Thisdocumentpresentsasetofsixdraftstandardsthatdescribeahighqualitysystem.Thedraftstandardsidentifyexpectationsforalldistricts.RIDEwilldeveloprecommendationsforhowtosupportdistrictsastheybegintoimplementthesestandardsandprocessesthatwillleadtohowlocalsystemswillbereviewedforcompliancewiththestandards.Itisimportanttorememberthateducatorevaluationisonlyoneelementofaneducatorperformancemanagementsystem,butitrepresentsacriticalstartingpoint.ThesixstandardsthatcomprisetheEducatorEvaluationSystemStandardswerecraftedtosupporttheworkof1 schooldistrictstoassureeducatorqualitythroughacomprehensivedistricteducatorevaluationsystemthat:establishesacommonunderstandingofexpectationsforeducatorqualitywithinthedistrict;emphasizestheprofessionalgrowthandcontinuousimprovementofindividualeducators;createsanorganizationalapproachtothecollectiveprofessionalgrowthandcontinuousimprovementofgroupsofeducatorstosupportdistrictgoals;providesqualityassurancefortheperformanceofalldistricteducators;assuresfair,accurate,andconsistentevaluations;andprovidesdistricteducatorsaroleinguidingtheongoingsystemdevelopmentinresponsetosystematicfeedbackandchangingdistrictneeds.
1 ThetermeducatorisusedtodesignatealldistrictpositionsthatrequirecertificationbytheRhodeIslandDepartmentofEducation.Thetermsofadministrator,teacher,andsupportprofessionalareusedtodesignatethreedistinctrolesthatcorrespondtocertificationcategories.Forafulllistingofcertificatesincludedineachcategoryseehttp://www.ride.ri.gov/EducatorQuality/DOCS/Certification/list%20of%20certs%20issued.pdf
Educator Evaluation System Standards
1
August 6, 2009 Approved for Public Hearing
Standard1:Districtevaluationsystemsestablishacommonvisionofeducatorqualitywithinadistrictthroughclearlycommunicatedevaluationprocessesthatbuilduponprofessionalstandards,emphasizeprofessionalpractice,impactonstudentlearning,demonstrationofprofessionalresponsibilities,andcontentknowledge,andsupportdistrictinitiatives.1. Districtadministrators,teachers,andsupportprofessionalsdevelopandsustainacommonunderstandingofexpectationsforeducatorqualitythroughadetailedsystemforeducatorevaluationthatclearlycommunicatesthepurposes,proceduresandpoliciesforevaluation,acceptablelevelsofperformanceforindividualeducatorsandgroupsofeducators,andthewaysinwhichevaluationinformationwillbecollectedandused.2. Educatorevaluationbuildsupontheprofessionalstandardsappropriatetotheeducator’srolewithinthedistrict.TeacherevaluationbuildsupontheRhodeIslandProfessionalTeachingStandards.AdministratorevaluationbuildsupontheRhodeIslandStandardsforEducationalLeadership.2 SupportProfessionalevaluationbuildsupontheprofessionalstandardsforthesepositions .Whenaneducator’sspecificresponsibilitiesaremoreappropriatelymeasuredbythestandardsforadifferentrolecategoryadistrictmayelecttoevaluatethateducatorusingthemore3 appropriatestandardsandevaluationinstruments .3. Educatorevaluationemphasizestheprofessionalpractice,impactonstudentlearning,demonstrationofprofessionalresponsibilities,andrequisitecontentknowledgeforallRhodeIslandEducators.Teacherevaluationincludesevidenceofqualityofinstruction,ofstudentlearning,ofprofessionalresponsibilities,andofsubjectmatterknowledge.Administratorevaluationincludesevidenceofqualityofinstructionalleadershipandmanagement,ofstudentlearning,ofprofessionalresponsibilities,andofthecontentknowledgeofthefield.SupportProfessionalevaluationincludesevidenceofqualityofprogramplanninganddeliveryofservice,ofconsultationandcollaboration,ofstudentlearning,ofprofessionalresponsibilities,andofthecontentknowledgeoftheareaofprofessionalspecialization.4. Educatorevaluationisintegratedwithandsupportiveofdistrictinitiativesandthedistrict’sstrategicplan.Thedistrictanditsschoolsintegrateobjectivesthatsupporttheachievementofdistrictinitiatives,schoolimprovementplans,anddistrictplansintotheevaluationsysteminwaysthatassurethattheevaluationofdistricteducatorssupportstheattainmentoftheseobjectives.
2 TheBoardofRegentshasnotadoptedspecificstandardsforSupportProfessionals.Districtsshouldbuildontheappropriateprofessionalstandardsforeducatorsworkingintheseroles.3 Forexamplealibrarymediaspecialist(ateachercertificate)whoseresponsibilitiesinonedistrictmaybemorecomparabletorunningaprogram,similartoasupportprofessional.Inthatsituationsupportprofessionalstandardsandevaluationinstrumentsmaybemoreapplicablethanteacherstandardsandevaluationinstruments.
Educator Evaluation System Standards
2
August 6, 2009 Approved for Public Hearing
Standard2:Districtevaluationsystemsemphasizetheprofessionalgrowthandcontinuousimprovementofindividualeducators’professionalpracticetoenhancestudentperformance.1. Educatorevaluationsystemsestablishacyclicalprocessthatincludesthecollectionandanalysisofinformationaboutaneducator’sperformance,theestablishmentofindividualgoalsforprofessionaldevelopmentbasedontheanalysis,andtheimprovementofperformanceasaresultofthatprofessionaldevelopment.2. Educatorevaluationsystemsassurethatalleducatorsreceivedetailedfeedbackontheirperformanceandrecommendationsforprofessionalgrowth.3. Educatorevaluationsystemscreateexpectationsthateducatorsanalyzetheirownprofessionalpractice,4 conferwithsupervisorsabouttheirperformanceanduserecommendationsforprofessionalgrowthindevelopingprofessionaldevelopmentgoals.4. Educatorevaluationsystemscollectandanalyzedataaboutindividualprofessionaldevelopmentneedsandidentifypatternswithinschoolsandacrossthedistricttoinformthedevelopmentofacoherentdistrictstaffdevelopmentplan.Standard3:Districtevaluationsystemscreateanorganizationalapproachtothecollectiveprofessionalgrowthandcontinuousimprovementofgroupsofeducators’(e.g.,departments,teams,programs,schools)professionalpracticetoenhancestudentperformance.1. Evaluationsystemsestablishacyclicalprocesstocollectandanalyzedataonthecollectiveeffectivenessofgroupsofeducators(e.g.,departments,teams,programs,schools,districts)andusethedatatoestablishcommongoalsforprofessionaldevelopmentbasedontheanalysisandtoimproveperformanceasaresultofthatprofessionaldevelopment.2. Educatorevaluationsystemscollectandanalyzedataaboutcollectiveprofessionaldevelopmentneedsofgroupsofeducatorsandidentifypatternsacrossdepartments,teams,programs,schoolsandthedistricttoinformthedevelopmentofacoherentdistrictstaffdevelopmentplan.3. Evaluationsystemsincludeaprocesstoidentifyindividualandgroupsofdistricteducatorswhodemonstrateexemplaryprofessionalpractice,impactonstudentlearning,and/orprofessionalresponsibilitiesandwhocontributeinmeasurablewaystodistrictimprovement.Thedistrictidentifieswaystorecognizeandcapitalizeontheirtalentsthroughdifferentiatedrolesandresponsibilities,formalrecognition,and/orotherincentives.
4 Ataminimum,supervisorsmustbeinvolvedintheprocess,howeverdistrictscandesignsystemsthatinvolveothers(e.g.,peers,parentsorguardians,individualswithspecificexpertise)intheprocessifthatmeetsdistrictgoals.
Educator Evaluation System Standards
3
August 6, 2009 Approved for Public Hearing
Standard4:Districtevaluationsystemsprovidequalityassuranceofalldistricteducatorsanddifferentiateevaluationprocessesbaseduponlevelofexperience,jobassignment,andinformationfrompriorevaluations.1. Alldistricteducatorsareevaluatedatleastannually;howeverduetothecyclicalnatureoftheevaluationthespecificproceduresmayvarybasedoneducatorexperience,assignment,andtheoutcomeofpriorevaluations.2. Evaluationsystemsdifferentiateproceduresbasedonthelevelofaneducator’sexperience.Educatorswhoarenewtotheprofession,newtothedistrict,orwhoarenewtoarolecategoryareprovidedwithintensivesupportandevaluationinwaysthatassurethattheymeetexpectationsforeducatorqualitywithinthedistrict.Educatorswhochangeassignmentswithinarolecategoryaresupportedandevaluatedbaseduponadistrictdevelopedtransitionplanthatisdesignedtoaddressthenewknowledgeandskillsrequiredbythechangeinposition,professionaldevelopmentneedsidentifiedfrompriorevaluations,andcontextualreasons(e.g.,districtneed,involuntarytransfer)forthemove.Educatorswhoremaininthesameassignmentandconsistentlydemonstratethattheymeetexpectationsforeducatorqualitywithinthedistrictareevaluatedinwaysthatmonitorcontinuedqualityofperformanceandemphasizeprofessionalgrowth.3. Evaluationsystemsidentifyalleducatorswhodonotmeetexpectationsforeducatorqualitywithinthedistrictandprovidethemwithintensivesupportandevaluationspecificallydesignedtoimprovetheirperformance.Thedistrictidentifiesateamtoworkwitheacheducatortodevelopanimprovementplanwithtargetedsupportandinterventiondesignedtohelptheeducatormeetthedistrict’sexpectationsforeducatorquality.Theimprovementplanincludesclearlyarticulatedobjectives,benchmarks,andtimelinestoimproveperformancetoanacceptablelevel.Thedistrictidentifiespersonnelactionsthatwillresultwhentheeducatormeetsorfailstomeettheexpectations.4. Evaluationsystemsaredesignedtoprovideobjectiveinformationtosupportmeaningfulrenewalandtenuredecisions.
Educator Evaluation System Standards
4
August 6, 2009 Approved for Public Hearing
Standard5:Districtevaluationsystemsassurefair,accurate,andconsistentassessmentofeducatorperformance.1. Theevaluationsystemistransparenttoalleducators.Thepurpose,criteria,instruments,procedures,andexpectationsforacceptablelevelsofperformanceareclearlycommunicatedtoeducatorsthroughhandbooks.Districtssupporteducatorsindevelopingathoroughunderstandingoftheevaluationsystem.2. Theevaluationsystemdemonstratesthevalidityofevaluationdecisionsbyassuringastrongconnectionbetweentheevaluationinstrumentsandprofessionalstandardsandeducatorrolesandresponsibilities.3. Evaluationsystemsincorporateappropriateevaluationinstruments,includingataminimum,observationsoftheeducator’spractice,evidenceofstudentlearningoutcomes,anddemonstrationsofprofessionalresponsibilities.4. Evaluationsystemsseekinformationfromstudents,parentsandguardians,colleagues,andsupervisors,toinformaneducator’sevaluationandprofessionaldevelopment.Evaluationsystemsuseavarietyofmethodologiesthatincorporatedifferenttypesofevidencetoaddresstherangeofexpectationsidentifiedintheappropriateprofessionalstandardsandusemultiplemeasures,toprovideathoroughassessmentoftheeducator’sperformance.5. Evaluatorsareselected,trained,andretainedbasedontheirabilitytomakevalidandaccuratejudgments.Evaluatorsareselectedbasedupontheirdepthofknowledgeandtheirdemonstratedexpertiseandareassignedbaseduponthesubjectmatterknowledge,gradelevelexperience,andotherrequisiteexperiencerequiredtoaccuratelyusespecificevaluationinstruments.Evaluatorsaretrainedintheimplementationofthedistrict’sevaluationinstruments,demonstratetheirabilitytomakeconsistentjudgments,andarereviewedonaregularbasistoverifytheycontinuetomakeaccuratejudgments.6. Theevaluationsystemprovidessafeguardsagainstpossiblesourcesofbiastoensurevalidassessments.Districtsreviewevaluationinstrumentsforpossiblesourcesofbiasinthedesignprocessandmonitorimplementationresultsforpossibleinappropriateadverseimpact.Evaluatorsraiseexistingorpotentialconflictsofinterestsotheycanbeaddressed.Theevaluationsystemprovidesproceduralsafeguards(e.g.,appeals)toensuretheintegrityofthesystem.
Educator Evaluation System Standards
5
August 6, 2009 Approved for Public Hearing
Standard6:Districtevaluationsystemsareanintegralpartofthedistricthumancapitalmanagementsystemandaresupportedbydistricteducatorswhoregularlyreviewandrevisethesysteminresponsetosystematicfeedbackandchangingdistrictneeds.1. DistrictsestablishandsupportaDistrictEvaluationCommitteethatincludesteachers,supportprofessionals,administrators,andunionrepresentativesandmayincludeotherswhobringaddedperspectiveorexpertise.TheCommitteereviewstheeffectivenessoftheevaluationsystem,thevalidityandutilityofthedataproducedbythesystem,thefairness,accuracy,andconsistencyofdecisionsmade,andthecurrencyofthesystem.TheCommitteeusestheinformationfromtheanalysistomakerecommendationsforrevisionstothesystem.2. TheDistrictEvaluationCommitteecommunicatesdatafromtheevaluationsystemtodistrictpersonnelresponsibleforstrategicplanningandprofessionaldevelopmenttoworkcollaborativelytowardsacoherentapproachtoeducatorquality,professionaldevelopmentandcontinuousorganizationalimprovement.3. TheDistrictEvaluationCommitteeworkswithdistrictleadershiptoassuretheresourcesoftime,financialsupport,andevaluationexpertisenecessarytomaintainthequalityoftheevaluationsystem.4. ThedistrictisresponsibleformeetingtheRhodeIslandDepartmentofEducation’sreportingrequirementsforassuringthequalityofeducatorevaluation.
Educator Evaluation System Standards
6
August 6, 2009 Approved for Public Hearing